New Technologies: Inescapable but Challenging

Keynote at the 1st Scientific Electoral Experts Debates

New technologies challenge the way the Parliament, the Government, the judge and the voter think of and deal with elections. The following paper presents an overview of the main preoccupations of the e-voting legislator in the recent past in Switzerland, an early but cautious adopter of internet voting. It shows how political stance on e-voting evolved over the years.

This was a contribution at the First Scientific Electoral Experts Debates – a new Forum – coorganized by the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) of the Council of Europe and the Romanian Electoral Authority in Bucharest (12-13 April 2016). The meeting discussed “Electoral Law and New Technologies: Legal Challenges”. The proceedings are now published online. They include a number of presentations from practitioners and scholars throughout Europe.

Download the paper

See also “Legality, Separation of Powers, Stability of Electoral Law: the Impact of New Voting Technologies” paper

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Update of the Council of Europe Recommendation on legal, operational and technical standards for e-voting – A Legal Perspective

The Council of Europe 2004 Recommendation on e-voting (Rec(2004)11) is a soft law instrument containing legal, operational and technical standards for e-voting. An ad-hoc Committee of Experts on E-voting (CAHVE) started work on its update in 2015. This paper focuses on the place of Rec(2004)11 in the regulatory framework for e-voting as well as on issues related to its update. We discuss the main results of the first phase of the update and some specific legal questions related to the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in elections. The main challenge for such an instrument is to fully and correctly translate broader principles of the European Electoral Heritage into standards and requirements for e-voting that remain pertinent as technology evolves. Continue reading

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VoteID 2015

A short report by Richard Hill*

The 2015 VoteID conference took place from 2-4 September 2015 in Bern, Switzerland. The conference featured presentations of peer-reviewed papers covering a variety of inter-disciplinary topics related to e-voting, such as a legal challenge to a specific system; security analyses of several specific systems; analysis of the characteristics of Internet voters in several actual votes; and research papers on advanced verification and related techniques. In addition to these papers, invited speakers presented papers on Internet voting in Switzerland; security analysis of the Estonian system; the actual use of Internet voting in Switzerland; and the use of verifiable voting in Victoria, Australia. A half-day session was also devoted to hands-on demonstration of several e-voting systems. Continue reading

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OSCE/ODIHR to assess the Swiss legal framework for Internet voting

On 13 July OSCE/ODIHR published a Needs Assessement Mission report (NAM) on the upcoming Swiss federal elections of 18 October 2015 (National Council Elections). The report recommends the deployment of an Election Expert Team to specifically assess the legal framework for Internet voting.

According to the experts the revised legal framework for Internet voting and its implementation could benefit from a more in-depth assessment, particularly in light of the authorities’ stated intention to extend its usage in future federal elections. Continue reading

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E-Voting Case Law: A Comparative Analysis

Pleased to inform that “E-Voting Case Law: A Comparative Analysis” is due to appear in September 2015. More information can be found on the publishing house’s website. Special discounts may apply. Let me know if you’re interested in purchasing the book.

E-Voting-Case-LawReviews: ‘If e-voting is the future, we need a path to it. There is no single route, however, with cost, reliability and the voting experience to be juggled. This collection draws together expert insights from across the globe, as a rich resource for those navigating the way.’
Graeme Orr, University of Queensland, Australia, and author of Ritual and Rhythm in Electoral Systems

‘This is a significant contribution to the debates about electronic voting that are taking place in democracies across the world. Decision-makers seeking to balance key electoral principles – accessibility, security, trust, transparency, cost – must also understand the fundamental legal issues; and this book provides a fine overview.’
Peter Wardle, The Electoral Commission, UK Continue reading

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New Book: E-Voting Case Law

I dedicated quite some time last year to coordinating and writing a book on e-voting. Co-edited by Jordi Barrat and myself, “E-Voting Case Law: A Comparative Analysis” is a collective book on e-voting legislation and case law in thirteen countries over five continents. I am thrilled to inform that the book will be published in September 2015. The book will appear in the series Election Law, Politics and Theory. Continue reading

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EVOTE2014

The 6th International Conference on Electronic Voting EVOTE2014 was held on 28–31 October 2014 in Lochau/Bregenz, Austria. The conference – which celebrates its tenth anniversary – is one of the leading international events for e-voting. It was attended by experts from all over the world. Its objective is to provide a forum for interdisciplinary and open discussion of all issues relating to electronic voting. The theme this year was “Verifying the vote”. The proceedings of the conference are online. Continue reading

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Switzerland’s new legislation on internet voting

Established practices, new rules and future perspectives

Last Sunday, 9 February 2014, is going to stay in Swiss voting history as the day when voters decided to put an end to the free movement of persons with the European Union (EU) thus provoking the reassessment of all bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU. Continue reading

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Voting and technology in 2013, a retrospective

Time line of major developments in Switzerland and beyond

For a start, I wish you, dear reader, a happy and successful year! This first 2014 post will look back into 2013 which was exceptionally rich in developments related to political rights and technology in Switzerland, Europe and beyond. Let’s review its main realizations, promises, challenges and setbacks. Will that unveil what lies ahead…? Stay tuned and enjoy the reading! Continue reading

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How to observe e-enabled elections?

OSCE/ODIHR Handbook for the Observation of New Voting Technologies

ODIHR Handbook NVT

ODIHR Handbook NVT

How to observe an election process in which information and communication technologies (ICT) are used? This is the question at the heart of the recently published OSCE/ODIHR “Handbook for the Observation of New Voting Technologies“. It sheds light on the challenges that electoral observers face when observing e-enabled elections Continue reading

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Casting votes on the Internet

Switzerland & the Future of Elections

The Future of Democracy, HIR Spring Issue 2013

The Future of Democracy, HIR Spring Issue 2013

The spring 2013 issue of the Harvard International Review features an article on the Swiss internet voting experience, by Alexander H. Trechsel and Urs Gasser. Published before the latest developments of last Summer (Report of the federal Government, proposed modifications of the legislation), the article presents a brief history of Internet voting in Switzerland and three high-level observations of particular interest to an international audience. The authors conclude that first, the feasibility of Internet voting and its effects cannot be assessed in isolation from the institutional context. Continue reading

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Client-side viruses and internet voting

A shocking truth?

Keeping your hard drive healthy (Stop motion)

Keeping your hard drive healthy (Stop motion) (Photo credit: weesen)

Twelve cantons implemented internet voting at yesterday’s federal vote. According to the federal Chancellery 22 586 voters did actually vote via internet out of the 158 500 authorized ones. Two cantons, Geneva and Neuchâtel, authorized both (a fraction of) residents and their Swiss abroad to vote via internet. The other ten cantons only used i-voting for their expatriates. Up to 58.45 % of the Swiss abroad who voted did so via internet clearly showing that this is becoming their preferred voting channel. Continue reading

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“Internet voting and federalism: the Swiss case” in RGDPC

New paper

The Spanish General Review of Compared Public Law (Revista general de derecho publico comparado or RGDPC) dedicates a special issue to the juridical dimension of e-voting, “El voto electrónico y sus dimensiones jurídicas: entre la ingenua complacencia y el rechazo precipitado”, coordinated by Jordi Barrat (13 July 2013). Continue reading

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Has internet voting increased participation?

Evaluating the impact of internet voting

The regular use of internet voting in the past ten years in canton Geneva (Switzerland) offers an interesting basis to evaluate the impact of this voting channel on electoral participation. This is also the aim of a recent study undertaken by the cantonal Commission for the evaluation of public policies and the University of Geneva* Continue reading

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Quid novi Juris?

Swiss Internet Voting Legislation and Jurisprudence – actual state

One of the most significant novelties announced to take place in 2013 is already there: a proposed modification of section 6a of the federal ordinance on political rights regulating internet voting has been published Continue reading

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Talking about transparency?

Publication of Audit Reports of Geneva Internet Voting System

Switzerland. For the first time audit reports of an internet voting system are made entirely available online. The Geneva internet voting system was submitted to three tests in 2012: intrusion test, source code analysis and ISO 9001 evaluation. The results have been made public in accordance with cantonal regulation. Continue reading

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Exercise your voting rights

May 1st: UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

Disabled freedom of the webElectronic Voting, be it on electronic machines used in polling stations or be it distant Internet voting from a personal computer, is often considered to be a useful tool for disabled people because it might ease vote casting. At the same time, and somewhat more paradoxically, there are concerns about electronic voting user-friendliness with respect to the needs of non-disabled people. Actually both points of view are necessary and they underline the fact that accessibility and usability must be key issues to be considered when developing a voting solution. Continue reading

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Cantonal elections

Counting of (internet) voting results postponed

English: Aerial view of Neuchâtel and Lake Neu...Canton Neuchâtel had quite a special election today. For the first time in Switzerland a general election of a cantonal parliament was held with internet voting as a third voting channel. Internet voting is one of the online services proposed by the web portal of Neuchâtel cantonal authorities Guichetunique.ch. Another première with respect to internet voting was the fact that the system had to handle two different kinds of political elections (initially) scheduled to take place at the same time: in addition to parliamentary elections, the cantonal government was also to be elected on 14 April. Continue reading

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Expérience cantonale de vote par Internet

Rapport zurichois

Districts in the Canton of Zurich

La votation fédérale du 3 mars 2013 fût l’occasion pour quelques 152’000 électeurs dans onze cantons de voter par internet. Quelques jours après le Conseil fédéral autorisait 12 cantons à faire du vote par internet lors de la prochaine votation fédérale du 9 juin 2013[i]. Le 14 avril prochain tout électeur inscrit au Guichet Unique pourra voter par internet pour élire le Grand Conseil et le Conseil d’Etat neuchâtelois – ce sera la première utilisation généralisée[ii] du vote par internet pour renouveler intégralement le parlement et l’exécutif cantonal. Ces exemples récents montrent la normalisation de l’utilisation du vote par internet en Suisse depuis les premiers tests organisés en 2004. Continue reading

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Future of Voting Systems

Exploring trends in voting system technology

A two and a half days Symposium on the Future of Voting Systems is taking place in Maryland (USA). The event is webcast live and related conversation can be followed on twitter at #FOV13. The conference is organized by the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to explore emerging trends in voting system technology. The use of technology in elections is at the heart of discussions. Continue reading

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